The functions and powers assigned to the Security Council under the charter are the following:

  • to maintain international peace and security in accordance with the principles and purposes of the UN;
  • to investigate any dispute or situation that might lead to international friction and to recommend methods of adjusting such disputes or the terms of settlement;
  • to determine the existence of a threat to the peace or an act of aggression and to recommend what action should be taken;
  • to call on members to apply economic sanctions and other measures not involving the use of force in order to prevent or stop aggression;
  • to take military action against an aggressor; and
  • to formulate plans for the establishment of a system to regulate armaments.

The Security Council also is empowered to exercise the trusteeship functions of the UN in areas designated as “strategic” (only the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands was so designated).

Finally, the Council recommends to the General Assembly the admission of new members and the appointment of the Secretary-General and, together with the General Assembly, elects the judges of the International Court of Justice.

Agenda Item: The question of Jerusalem and south china sea.